ÝŁÉT D’BANKE / sea pink

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ýłét d’banke“, s.m., pronounced [ɪʎɛ(t) d bɑ̃:k], in plural “ýłê d’banke”, is the authentic Sarkese name for “sea pink” or “sea thrift”, Armeria maritima, a flowering plant native to Sark, which shares the name “ýłét” with its closer relative “grass pink”, “ýłêt sòvaje“, and “carnation”, “ýłêt“.

origin: Gallo-Romance / first recorded for Sarkese: 1970s (PB) / current status in the 21st century: not recalled, reintroduced

“ýłét” is a masculine countable variable noun (a he-word that changes in plural and may be counted), while the attribute “d’banke” remains invariable. The word “ýłét” ends in the ÉT-ending, meaning the plural form changes regularly to “-ê”, so ‘dz’ýłê d’banke’. If followed directly by ‘d’banke’, meaning seashore, the pronunciation is [ɪʎɛ:], if not, then [ɪʎɑ:ɪ̯] if in final position.

On the origin

The Sarkese “ýłét d’banke” is directly related to the Guernsey Norman name for the same plant “eillet d’banque”, although in Guernsey, it may also be used for a very different plant, sea campion, our ménleu á věsŷ“.

Even though the last four native spakers in the 21st century did recall any Sarkese name grass pink, the name “ýłét d’banke” was fortunatelly recorded in Sark and written down by Patrice Brasseur in the 20th century.

As for the origin of the word, it actually means “coast carnation”, lit. “coast little eye” in today’s Norman languages of the Channel Islands.


Citation: NEUDÖRFL, Martin. ýłét d’banke/sea pink. In: Sark Norman Dictionary Online [on-line]. https://www.bonjhur.net/sndo-vocab-flora-ylet-d-banke

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